Top Folk Albums, Songs, Artists and Labels of February 2013 (with DJ list)

Compiled by Richard Gillmann from FOLKDJ-L radio playlists
Based on 12594 airplays from 145 different DJs

  1: "Up Like The Clouds," Dubl Handi [, 1/13] (58)
        "Cluck Old Hen"
        "Shout Little Lula"
        "New River Train"
        "Shortnin' Bread"
  2: "Things Are Coming My Way," Marcy Marxer [Community, 1/13] (57)
        "Kissing In The Dark"
        "Angeline The Baker"
        "Fool's Gold"
        "Girl Django"
  3: "Live At Blue Rock," Mary Gauthier [Proper, 10/12] (50)
        "Your Sister Cried"
        "Sugar Cane"
        "Wheel Inside The Wheel"
  4: "Give Me All You Got," Carrie Rodriguez [Ninth Street Opus, 1/13] (45)
        "Devil In Mind"
        "Sad Joy"
        "I Cry For Love"
  4: "Wild Bill Jones," The Quiet American [, new] (45)
        "Apple In The Fall"
        "Gallows Pole"
        "Come Walkin' With Me"
  6: "Jewels And Harmony," Mara Levine [, 1/13] (44)
        "The Dutchman"
        "Killing The Blues"
  6: "Long Gone Out West Blues," Pharis And Jason Romero [Lula, new] (44)
        "Wild Bill Jones"
        "Long Gone Out West Blues"
        "Waiting For The Evening Mail"
  8: "Electric," Richard Thompson [New West, 2/13] (42)
        "Snow Goose"
        "Saving The Good Stuff For You"
        "Salford Sunday"
  9: "Spiorad," Talitha MacKenzie [Shanachie, 1996] (41)
        "Fear A' Bhata"
 10: "Next Time Around," Darryl Purpose [Blue Rock, 10/12] (40)
        "Dreams Of Life"
        "Girl From Golden"
        "Ghost Of Crazy Horse"
 11: "Belong," Susan McKeown [Hibernian, 11/12] (39)
        "Everything We Had Was Good"
        "On The Bridge To Williamsburg"
 11: "Hammer Down," The Steeldrivers [Rounder, 2/13] (39)
        "Shallow Grave"
        "Wearin' A Hole"
        "Burnin' The Woodshed Down"
 11: "Rise," Elaine Mahon [Gatorbone, new] (39)
        "Rise Up Singing"
        "Dust Tracks In The Road"
        "6 Pelicans"
 14: "Coyote's Calling," James Gordon [Borealis, 1/13] (31)
        "We're The Ninety-9"
        "Coyote's Calling"
        "Silence Of The Snow"
 14: "The Last Day Of Winter," Chris Vallillo [Gin Ridge, 11/12] (31)
        "Bonaparte's Retreat"
        "Old Joe Clark"
 16: "Angels Without Wings," Heidi Talbot [Compass, 1/13] (29)
        "Dearest Johnny"
        "Button Up"
        "Wine And Roses"
 16: "Coyote Wings," Zoe Mulford [Azalea City, new] (29)
        "Sister, Sail"
        "Storm Damage"
        "Coyote Wings"
 16: "Tune Tramp," Erynn Marshall And Friends [Hickoryjack, 12/12] (29)
        "Milwaukee Blues"
        "Poor Hobo"
        "Rambler's Blues"
 19: "Child Ballads," Anais Mitchell & Jefferson Hamer [Wilderland, new] (28)
        "Riddles Wisely Expounded"
        "Clyde Waters"
 19: "Our Lady Of The Tall Trees," Cahalen Morrison And Eli West [, 9/12] (28)
        "Church Street Blues"
        "Lady Does Not Often Falter"
 21: "Jack Of All Trades," Steve Chizmadia [Jack Of All Trades, new] (27)
        "Song For Pete"
        "Wall Street Fat-Cat Tax-Payer Bail-Out Blues"
        "Memphis Girl"
 22: "Spring And Fall," Paul Kelly [Gawd, 11/12] (26)
        "New Found Year"
        "Time And Tide"
 23: "Sorry, Stella," Stella! [Detroit Radio, 2011] (25)
        "Down In The Cellar"
        "Unbreak My Heart"
 23: "Wilder Girl," Sally Barris [, 8/12] (25)
        "Wilder Girl"
        "Too Many Ghosts"
 23: "World Of Possibility," Arlon Bennett [Red Sea, 1/13] (25)
        "Question For Einstein"
        "World Of Possibility"
 26: "Feeling Mortal," Kris Kristofferson [KK, new] (24)
        "Feeling Mortal"
        "Ramblin' Jack"
 27: "Reunion," Lucy Kaplansky [Red House, 9/12] (23)
        "Beauty Way"
        "I'm Looking Through You"
 27: "The Stray Birds," The Stray Birds [, 9/12] (23)
        "Dream In Blue"
        "Heavy Hands"
 29: "El Rancho Azul," Dale Watson And His Lonestars [Red House, 1/13] (22)
        "I Lie When I Drink"
        "We're Gonna Get Married"
 29: "Tender Is The Night," Old Man Luedecke [True North, 11/12] (22)
        "Kingdom Come"
        "I'm Fine"
 31: "Grandma's Rules For Drinking," Annie Lou [, 6/12] (21)
        "Take Your Leg Off Mine"
        "Grandma's Rules For Drinking"
 31: "Nobody Knows You," Steep Canyon Rangers [Rounder, 4/12] (21)
        "Nobody Knows You"
        "Natural Disaster"
 31: "Time," Kathy Kallick Band [Live Oak, 8/12] (21)
        "Fare Thee Well"
 34: "Brambles And Thorns," John Wort Hannam [Borealis, 10/12] (20)
        "Great Lakes"
 34: "Flight," Trout Steak Revival [, 10/12] (20)
        "Greasy Coat"
        "Blackjack Supper Club"
 34: "Greetings From Cheryl Wheeler Live," Cheryl Wheeler [Dias, 9/12] (20)
        "Pop Tarts And Spam"
 34: "The Weather Inside," Beth Wood [Blue Rock, 2011] (20)
        "Doing This Dance"
 38: "The Bravest Birds," Rob Lutes [Lucky Bear, 1/13] (19)
        "Take It Nice"
        "Ship That Sails Today"
 38: "Lay Down, Lay Low," The Steel Wheels [, 1/12] (19)
        "Halfway To Heaven"
        "Breaking Like The Sun"
 38: "Ordinary Cats," Jon Shain [Flyin', new] (19)
        "Ordinary Cats"
        "Cut Out Bin"
 38: "The Things I Notice Now: Anne Hills Sings the Songs of Tom Paxton," Anne Hills [Appleseed, 11/12] (19)
        "Early Snow"
        "Hold On To Me, Babe"
 38: "A Word Child," Susan Kane [, 11/12] (19)
        "New York Winter"
 43: "Calling Me Home," Kathy Mattea [Sugar Hill, 9/12] (18)
        "Gone, Gonna Rise Again"
        "West Virginia Mine Disaster"
 43: "Finds The Present Tense," Gurf Morlix [Rootball, new] (18)
        "My Life's Been Taken"
 43: "Hundred Dollar Valentine," Chris Smither [Signature, 6/12] (18)
        "Hundred Dollar Valentine"
        "What They Say"
 46: "Heart Of The Country," Chris Brashear [Dog Boy, 9/12] (17)
        "Listen To Me Mother"
 47: "Down The Line," Brad Cole [, 7/12] (16)
        "Something About Goodbye"
 47: "The Goat Rodeo Sessions," Yo-Yo Ma, Stuart Duncan, Edgar Meyer and Chris Thile [Sony, 2011] (16)
        "Here And Heaven"
        "Where's My Bow?"
 47: "God Didn't Choose Sides," Various Artists [Rural Rhythmn, new] (16)
        "Old John Burns," Rickey Wasson And Dwight McCall
        "Picture Of 3 Children," Russell Moore
 47: "Never Far," Julie Hoest [, 11/12] (16)
        "Aiobhinn Cronan/Will You Come Find Me"
        "Since You've Been Gone"
 47: "Song Of The Seas," Eagle McCall [, 10/12] (16)
        "Song Of The Peter Iredale"
        "Valparaiso Suite"
 52: "Christ Church Cathedral," Clannad [Arc, new] (15)
        "Crann Ull"
 52: "From Fresh Water," Stan Rogers [Fogarty's Cove, 1984] (15)
        "White Squall"
 52: "Old School Old Time," Fiddle Whamdiddle [Owl Mountain, 12/12] (15)
        "Barlow Knife"
        "Sandy Boys"
 52: "Outshine The Sun," The Foghorn String Band [, 9/12] (15)
        "Lovers First Quarrel"
 52: "Silver Lining," The Honey Dewdrops [, 6/12] (15)
        "One Kind Word"
        "Hills Of My Home"
 52: "Sing The Delta," Iris DeMent [Flariella, 10/12] (15)
        "Night I Learned How Not To Pray"
 52: "This One's For Him: A Tribute To Guy Clark," Various Artists [Icehouse, 2011] (15)
        "All Through Throwing Good Love After Bad," Verlon Thompson
 52: "Wild Places," Eric Bannan [Reality Check, 5/12] (15)
        "Wild Places"
 60: "Blue Clouds," Elizabeth Mitchell & You Are My Flower [Smithsonian/Folkways, 10/12] (14)
        "Froggie Went A-Courtin"
 60: "Borderland," The Stray Birds [, 3/12] (14)
        "Birds Of The Borderland"
        "Come Sunday"
 60: "The Celtic Colours Sessions," Barra MacNeils [Self, 10/12] (14)
        "Little Bird"
        "Strange Lover Is A Coalmine"
 60: "Delta Time," Hans Theessink & Terry Evans [Blue Groove, 9/12] (14)
        "Birds And The Bees"
        "Blues Stay Away From Me"
 60: "Flash Company," Outside Track [Lorimer, 9/12] (14)
        "False Knight On The Road"
 60: "Heather Maloney," Heather Maloney [Signature, new] (14)
        "Dirt And Stardust"
        "Turn Yourself Around"
 60: "Home," Bob Bradshaw [Fluke, 11/12] (14)
        "High Water Rising"
 60: "Hymns To What Is Left," Greg Brown [Sawdust, 10/12] (14)
 60: "Let Freedom Ring," Sparky And Rhonda Rucker [Tremont Productions, 1/13] (14)
        "Marching Through Georgia"
 60: "Mending," Maria Gillard [, 10/12] (14)
        "Must Be I'm In Love"
        "Broken World"
 60: "Prelude," Ronstadt Generations [, 10/12] (14)
        "California Blues"
        "For What It's Worth"
 60: "The Same Way Down," Annalivia [, 9/12] (14)
        "Bright Sunny South"
 60: "Unruly Heart," Ari And Mia [, 2010] (14)
        "Freight Train"
        "Montville / Rise Up"
 60: "What We Lost," Ben Bedford [Waterbug, 9/12] (14)
        "John The Baptist"
        "What We Lost"

Compiled by Richard Gillmann from FOLKDJ-L radio playlists
Based on 12594 airplays from 145 different DJs

1. "Everything We Had Was Good" (17)
        by Susan McKeown
        from "Belong"
2. "Devil In Mind" (16)
        by Carrie Rodriguez
        from "Give Me All You Got"
3. "Kissing In The Dark" (13)
        by Marcy Marxer
        from "Things Are Coming My Way"
4. "Snow Goose" (12)
        by Richard Thompson
        from "Electric"
5. "Changerais-Tu?" (11)
        by Talitha MacKenzie
        from "Spiorad"
5. "Wild Bill Jones" (11)
        by Pharis And Jason Romero
        from "Long Gone Out West Blues"
7. "Girl From Golden" (10)
        by Darryl Purpose
        from "Next Time Around"
7. "Long Gone Out West Blues" (10)
        by Pharis And Jason Romero
        from "Long Gone Out West Blues"
7. "Saving The Good Stuff For You" (10)
        by Richard Thompson
        from "Electric"
7. "The Dutchman" (10)
        by Mara Levine
        from "Jewels And Harmony"
11. "Angeline The Baker" (9)
        by Marcy Marxer
        from "Things Are Coming My Way"
11. "Cluck Old Hen" (9)
        by Dubl Handi
        from "Up Like The Clouds"
11. "Dreams Of Life" (9)
        by Darryl Purpose
        from "Next Time Around"
11. "Hundred Dollar Valentine" (9)
        by Chris Smither
        from "Hundred Dollar Valentine"
11. "Shout Little Lula" (9)
        by Dubl Handi
        from "Up Like The Clouds"
11. "Song For Pete" (9)
        by Steve Chizmadia
        from "Jack Of All Trades"
11. "Wilder Girl" (9)
        by Sally Barris
        from "Wilder Girl"
18. "Fionnaghuala" (8)
        by Talitha MacKenzie
        from "Spiorad"
18. "I Lie When I Drink" (8)
        by Dale Watson And His Lonestars
        from "El Rancho Azul"
18. "New River Train" (8)
        by Dubl Handi
        from "Up Like The Clouds"
21. "Apple In The Fall" (7)
        by The Quiet American
        from "Wild Bill Jones"
21. "Fool's Gold" (7)
        by Marcy Marxer
        from "Things Are Coming My Way"
21. "Geordie" (7)
        by Anais Mitchell & Jefferson Hamer
        from "Child Ballads"
21. "Ghost Of Crazy Horse" (7)
        by Darryl Purpose
        from "Next Time Around"
21. "Girl Django" (7)
        by Marcy Marxer
        from "Things Are Coming My Way"
21. "On The Bridge To Williamsburg" (7)
        by Susan McKeown
        from "Belong"
21. "Ramblin' Jack" (7)
        by Kris Kristofferson
        from "Feeling Mortal"
21. "Riddles Wisely Expounded" (7)
        by Anais Mitchell & Jefferson Hamer
        from "Child Ballads"
21. "Rise Up Singing" (7)
        by Elaine Mahon
        from "Rise"
21. "Shallow Grave" (7)
        by The Steeldrivers
        from "Hammer Down"
21. "Sugar Cane" (7)
        by Mary Gauthier
        from "Live At Blue Rock"
21. "Valentine Girl" (7)
        by Craig Werth
        from "The Spokes Man"
21. "We're The Ninety-9" (7)
        by James Gordon
        from "Coyote's Calling"
21. "Wearin' A Hole" (7)
        by The Steeldrivers
        from "Hammer Down"
21. "Your Sister Cried" (7)
        by Mary Gauthier
        from "Live At Blue Rock"

Compiled by Richard Gillmann from FOLKDJ-L radio playlists
Based on 12594 airplays from 145 different DJs

1. Richard Thompson
2. Marcy Marxer
2. Mary Gauthier
4. Dubl Handi
5. Pharis And Jason Romero
6. Carrie Rodriguez
7. Stan Rogers
7. Talitha MacKenzie
9. The Quiet American
10. Darryl Purpose
10. Mara Levine
10. The Steeldrivers
13. Greg Brown
14. Cheryl Wheeler
15. The Stray Birds
16. Susan McKeown
17. Elaine Mahon
18. Zoe Mulford
19. Chris Vallillo
19. Tom Russell
21. James Gordon
22. Bob Dylan
22. Erynn Marshall
22. Heidi Talbot
22. Pete Seeger
22. Steep Canyon Rangers
27. Anais Mitchell And Jefferson Hamer
27. Paul Kelly
29. Cahalen Morrison And Eli West
30. Chris Smither
30. Gurf Morlix
30. Kris Kristofferson
30. Lucy Kaplansky
34. Kathy Mattea
35. Arlon Bennett
35. Dave Carter And Tracy Grammer
35. Sally Barris
38. Dar Williams
38. Red Molly
38. Steve Chizmadia
38. Townes Van Zandt

Compiled by Richard Gillmann from FOLKDJ-L radio playlists
Based on 12594 airplays from 145 different DJs

1. Rounder
2. Red House
3. Compass
4. Sugar Hill
5. Borealis
6. Columbia
7. Smithsonian/Folkways
8. Appleseed
8. Signature
10. Rebel
11. New West
12. Vanguard
13. Nonesuch
13. Warner
15. Waterbug
16. Arc
17. Rhino
17. Rural Rhythm
19. Ninth Street Opus
20. Lula
21. Blue Rock Artists
22. Community
22. Flying Fish
22. Philo
25. Azalea City
25. True North
27. Green Linnet
27. Sony
29. Gin Ridge
29. Hightone
31. Sonas
32. MCA
33. Shanachie
34. Greentrax
35. Hickoryjack
36. Capitol
37. Gawd
37. Red Sea
39. RCA
39. Razor And Tie

Compiled by Richard Gillmann from FOLKDJ-L radio playlists
Based on 12594 airplays from 145 different DJs

Al Kniola (WVPE-FM, IN)
Allan Nelson (BBC, U.K.)
Allison Brown (CJAM-FM, ON)
Andrew Doerr (KCSB-FM, CA)
Angela Page (WJFF-FM, NY)
Annie Keville (WVBR-FM, NY)
Art Menius (WMMT-FM, KY)
Arthur Berman (CiTR-FM, BC)
Arthur Dean (WCNI-FM, CT)
Artie Martello (WIOX-FM, NY)
Bill Hahn (WFDU-FM, NJ)
Bill Revill (WESU-FM, CT)
Bill Stuart (WFIT-FM, FL)
Bob Gregory (WRFL-FM, KY)
Bob McWilliams (KANU-FM & KPR, KS)
Bob Weiser (WBRS-FM & WOMR-FM, MA)
Brad Edmondson (WVBR-FM, NY)
Brenda & Roman Tacik (CJTR-FM, SK)
Bruce Cameron (2MCE-FM, Australia)
Bud Johnson (syndicated, AK)
Charlie Backfish (WUSB-FM, NY)
Chrisana McGill (WSPN-FM, NY)
Cindy Funk (WYSO-FM, OH)
Clytia Fuller (KZSC-FM, CA)
Colin Fielding (3INR-FM, Australia)
Craig Huegel (WMNF-FM, FL)
Dan Alloway (KTEP-FM, TX)
David John (KTRU-FM, TX)
David Sears (WBGU-FM, OH)
Dennis Brunnenmeyer (KVMR-FM, CA)
Diane Crowe (WMCB-FM, MA)
Diane Karl (KBOO-FM etc, OR)
Dick Hermans (WHDD-FM, CT)
Don Jacobson (KBOO-FM, OR)
Donna Mavity (WTUF-FM, GA)
Doug Dick (WVGN-FM, VI)
Ed McDonald (WVMR-FM etc, WV)
Frank Gosar (KLCC-FM, OR)
Frank Hoppe (KCSN-FM, CA)
Gary Irving (WVUD-FM, DE)
Gaye Auxier (WDBX-FM, IL)
Gene Shay (WXPN-FM, PA)
Gerd Stassen (EVW, Germany)
Gerry Goodfriend (CKUT-FM, QC)
Graham and Barbara Dean (WBCR-LP, MA)
Greg Harness (KRBX-FM, ID)
Hansjoerg Malonek (ISW-FM, Germany)
Harlon Joye (WRFG-FM, GA)
Henk de Weerd (5EBI-FM, Australia)
Jean Geiger (KBCS-FM, WA)
Jeff Eads (WNKU-FM, KY)
Jeff Robson (CJUM-FM, MB)
Jenny Flux (2AIR-FM, Australia)
Jeremy Butler (WUAL-FM & APR, AL)
Jim Blum (WKSU-FM etc, OH)
Jim Canales (WWSP-FM, WI)
Jim Dubinsky (WUVT-FM, CA)
Jim Fisher (WGCS-FM, IN)
Jim Marino (CFMU-FM, ON)
Jim Rogers (WIUP-FM, PA)
Jim Schwall (WORT-FM, WI)
Joe Pszonek (WMSC-FM, NJ)
John & Maureen Rumsey (KVMR-FM, CA)
John C. Falstaff (WRFG-FM, GA)
John Mazza (WNHU-FM, CT)
John McLaughlin (WMUC-FM, MD)
John Platt (WFUV-FM, NY)
John Trout (WYEP-FM, PA)
John Weingart (WPRB-FM, NJ)
Johnny Bazzano (KRCB-FM, CA)
Jon 'Chip' Colcord (WSCS-FM, NH)
Jon Stein (WTBQ-AM, NY)
Juliet Youngren (WEFT-FM, IL)
Jürgen Kramer (ZuSa, Germany)
Karen Impola (KUNI-FM, IA)
Kate McNally (NHPR, NH)
Ken Batista (WYEP-FM, PA)
Ken Campbell (WSKG-FM, NY)
Ken Weiner (WESU-FM, CT)
Kevin Elliott (WEFT-FM, IL)
Kevin Vance (KALW-FM, CA)
Larry Hillberg (KVMR-FM, CA)
Larry Hoyt (WAER-FM, NY)
Laurel Paulson-Pierce (KRBS-FM, CA)
Lee Vengeance (UGFM, Australia)
Len Holton (KUAR-FM, AR)
Leonard Epstein (KRFC-FM, CO)
Lilli Kuzma (WDCB-FM, IL)
Linda Fahey (Folk Alley, syndicated)
Lyle D. Skinner (CJUM-FM, MB)
Maggie Ferguson (WXOU-FM, MI)
Mara Noelle (KVMR-FM & KFOK-LP, CA)
Mark Michaelis (WGDR-FM, VT)
Mark Tobler (WTUL-FM, LA)
Mary Sue Twohy (SiriusXM)
Mel DeYoung (WPSU-FM, PA)
Menachem Vinegrad (Upper Galilee-FM, Israel)
Michael Alzo (WSLU-FM, NY)
Michael Benson (WPKN-FM & WESU-FM, CT)
Michael Stock (WLRN-FM, FL)
Mike Flynn (KUAF-FM & syndicated, AR)
Mitch Park (Kidnappers, New Zealand)
Naomi Soule and Terry Moses (KCLC-FM, MO)
Nick Barr (WAMC-FM, NY)
Norm Mast (WVPE-FM, IN)
Norman Whitman (WYSO-FM, OH)
Pamela Smith (WPKN-FM, CT)
Patrick Clifford (WDVR-FM, NJ)
Paul Hartman (WTMD-FM, MD)
Peter Kernast and John Bates (WTSR-FM, NJ)
Peter van Zeijl (Dollard Radio-FM, The Netherlands)
Randall Auxier (WDBX-FM, IL)
Ray Baumler (WRUR-FM, NY)
Rich Warren (WFMT-FM & syndicated, IL)
Richard Gillmann (KBCS-FM, WA)
Richard Gordon (WNHU-FM, CT)
Richard Howard (KZMU-FM, UT)
Rik James (KGLT-FM, MT)
Robert Resnik (VPR, VT)
Robin Pressman (KRCB-FM, CA)
Ron Olesko (WFDU-FM, NJ)
Roz Larman (KPFK-FM & syndicated, CA)
Sean McGowan (KLCC-FM, OR)
Sharon Downes (2MAX-FM, Australia)
Simon Dillon (Phoenix FM, Australia)
Sonja Hedlund (WJFF, NY)
Sonny Ochs (WIOX-FM, NY)
Steve Brockway (KRFC-FM, CO)
Steve Clarke (CHES-FM, ON)
Steve Fisher (CKUA-FM, AB)
Steve Harris (KRCC-FM, CO)
Steve Jerrett (KOPN-FM, MO)
Steve Pritchard (CKLN-FM, ON)
Stu Weaver (WFCF-FM, FL)
Sue Kessell (WNUR-FM, IL)
Susan Forbes Hansen (WHUS-FM & WWUH-FM, CT)
Susi Lanagan (PBS-FM, Australia)
Taylor Caffery (WRKF-FM, LA)
Terry Fatseas (2MCE-FM, Australia)
Thomas Bisard (WNMC-FM, MI)
Todd Tyson (The Point-FM, VT)
Tom Druckenmiller (syndicated)
Tom Funk (KGLP-FM, NM)
Valerie Cormier (CITR-FM, BC)
Wanda Fischer (WAMC & syndicated, NY)

These lists are compiled and posted to the FOLKDJ-L web site every month
(since October 1997).  The archive of past Top Album lists is available
at (the official FOLKDJ-L web site) and also, in an
extended version, at (my personal web site).

The process of compiling the Top Albums list is automated (I do hand
correct some obvious errors and typos). The results are based on
playlists posted to FOLKDJ-L during the calendar month. I wrote a pair
of programs that work with the Eudora email program's filtering feature.
One program parses each playlist as it comes in and adds it to a
spreadsheet. The second program processes the spreadsheet into a readable
report. Playlists have to include artist, song and album name (label is
optional) and be in a reasonably regular format for my program to be able
to parse them. My programs wind up identifying 60% to 80% of the songs
actually posted.

The Top Albums list is sorted in descending order by number of plays
recorded for each album. Within an album, the more popular tracks that
were played are shown. If a single DJ is the only one mostly playing an
album, the count of plays is adjusted downwards; otherwise the raw counts
are used. The top 70 albums are listed.  A more detailed explanation is
available at

Richard Gillmann                                            
KBCS (91.3 FM) - Bellevue, WA